Virupaksha Temple, Hampi

Virupaksha Temple has been, for centuries, considered the most sacred of the temples at Hampi. This temple is situated on the southern bank of the Tungabhadra, immediately to the north of the Hemakuta hill. The temple complex lies within a long rectangular enclosure.

Virupaksha Temple, HampiHistory
The original temple with Virupaksha Siva Linga was perhaps first consecrated in the twelfth century A.D. with the establishment of the Vijayanagara kingdom additions were made twice once during the period of Krishnadevaraya in 1510 A.D .and the other during the period of Maharangamandapa in fifteenth century A.D. The most striking feature of this court is the central pillared hall known as the Ranga Mandapa added to the temple complex in 1510 AD by Krishadeva Raya.

Two mythical lion like creatures forms the balustrade for the entrance to this elevated open pavilion. As you enter the pavilion on your right is an inscribed plaque with Nandi image on top probably explains the royal patronage the temple enjoyed. This hall with 5 aisles and 38 pillars is used for temple rituals including the marriage ceremonies. The highlights include rows of pillars shaped with rampant lion like mythical creatures (Yalis) standing on aquatic creatures (Makara or Crocodiles). Warriors seem riding on these ferocious looking creatures. Although most of the temple buildings were constructed during the Vijayanagara rule, some few were also erected during the late Hoysala and Chalukya empires. Major renovations and additions were carried out in the 19th century and gopuras were established and ceilings painted during this time.

The mural panel on the central portion of the hall is one of the few remains of this form of Vijayanagara art. Most of it is based on godly themes except the one at the eastern end.Hampi
Here the founder sage of the empire, Vidaranaya, is portrayed moving in a procession. Further west, beyond a small inner hall, is the sanctum sanctorum of Lord Virupaksha. Two 4 armed guardian deities, about 8 feet tall, stand on either side of the entrance to the inner hall. The ceiling of this inner hall is decorated with an open lotus motif. The sanctum contains the idol of lord Virupaksha in the form of a Linga (A phallus image). A corridor surrounds the sanctum.
The two narrow porches on either sides of the inner hall can be used to get in and out of the main shrine. Surrounding this principal shrines are the shrines of Virupakshas consort and other deities.

The most important of the sub shrines are that of Goddess Pampa and Bhuvaneswari, consorts of lord Shiva, towards the north of the main shrine. These shrines are in fact much older than the rest of the grandiose structures in the compound. The short circular pillars and the doorways and the ceiling are richly carved. A bit east along the cloister, you can spot a flight of leading to an underground chamber. This contains the shrine of Pataleswara, a form of lord Shiva. Further east is the shrine of the planetary deities. Images of the nine planetary deities (Nava Grahas) are arranged on an elevated platform.

The Virupaksha Temple – Festivals
Devotees throng to this temple in December every year to attend the betrothal and marriage ceremonies of Pampa and Virupaksha. Another festival which is held in February is the annual chariot fete.

 

Related Posts

  • Ghati Sri Subramanya Temple, Doddaballapur, Karnataka Ghati Sri Subramanya Temple, Doddaballapur, Karnataka

    Ghati Sri Subramanya Temple is a standout amongst the most prominent sanctuaries among the hundreds that are scattered in and around Bangalore. Individuals run in thousands to this sanctuary and the directing divinity, Sri Subramanya, is especially famous with the Tamilian populace of Karnataka.

  • Sri Kukkuteswara  Swamy Temple, Pitapuram, East Godavari Dist., Andhra Pradesh Sri Kukkuteswara Swamy Temple, Pitapuram, East Godavari Dist., Andhra Pradesh

    Sri Kukkuteswara Swamy temple is one of the famous temple in India. It is also one of the astadasa Shakti Peeta and also an ancient Shiva kshethra from Krutha Yuga.

  • Maa Biraja Devi Temple, Jajpur, Odisha Maa Biraja Devi Temple, Jajpur, Odisha

    The Birja Devi Temple, Jajpur was consecrated as Dakshayanis navel part fallen here. The presiding deity of Jajpur Asta dasha shakti peetha is Goddess Girija Devi. Goddess Girija Devi is also worshiped with various names such as Goddess Birija Devi, Goddess Virija. The temple of Sri Girija Devi is a very small construction when we compare it to Puri Jagannath Temple or Lingraja Temple of bhubaneshwar. Nobody knows the exact time of the Girija Devi temples construction. But it was renovated in the 13th Century. Jajpur is also called as Baithangi Theertha or Birija Kshetram or Oddyana Peetha (an Oddiyana is an ornament worn by a woman around her navel).

  • Sri Seetha Ramachandra Swamy Vaari Devasthanams, Bhadrachalam, Khammam, Telangana Sri Seetha Ramachandra Swamy Vaari Devasthanams, Bhadrachalam, Khammam, Telangana

    Bhadrachalam temple is one of the most important temples of Lord Rama in the country. It has a rich history and is a major pilgrimage center of south India. Hundreds of thousands visit the temple each year to catch a glimpse of the Lord.

  • Maisigandi Maisamma Temple Kadthal,  Mahabubnagar, Telangana Maisigandi Maisamma Temple Kadthal, Mahabubnagar, Telangana

    Maisigandi maisamma temple Kadthal is located in Amangal mandal, Maisigandi Village . Maisigandi is a small village in the Srisailam Hyderabad highway. The temple of Maisamma (local name for Goddess Mahakali) comes before Maisigandi village. It is a robust developing temple of Mahakaali, it is also a must see temple, resembles the cultural and mythological feelings of local Banjara people.

  • Arulmigu Jambukeswarar Akhilandeswari Temple, Thiruvanaikaval, Trichy, Tamilnadu Arulmigu Jambukeswarar Akhilandeswari Temple, Thiruvanaikaval, Trichy, Tamilnadu

    The temple is one of the Panchabhoota Sthalams (signifying the 5 natural elements) and the sanctum of Lord Jambukeshwara has an underground water stream. And one can see water (neer) coming out of that stream, Hence this temple is also reverred as 'Appu Sthalam' and the ShivaLingam here is called as 'Appu Linga'. The Presiding Deity is Devi Akilandeswari Amman. Akhilandeshwari means 'Ruler of the Universe' (Akilam – Universe, Aanda – Ruler, Eswari – Goddess).

  • Sri Kalahasteeswara Temple, Srikalahasti, Chittoor, Andhra Pradesh Sri Kalahasteeswara Temple, Srikalahasti, Chittoor, Andhra Pradesh

    Srikalahasti Temple is situated in Chittoor district of the state of Andhra Pradesh. In South India, it occupies a place of eminence among the holy Siva kshetras. The temple is called as Dakshina Kailasam located on the banks of the river Swarnamukhi. The architecture of Srikalahasti Temple-Chitoor is extraordinary, it has three massive Gopurams which are breathtaking. Another striking feature of the temple is its huge Mantapam with hundred pillars.

  • Lord Jaganmohini Keshava Swamy Temple, Ryali, West Godavari, Andhra Pradesh Lord Jaganmohini Keshava Swamy Temple, Ryali, West Godavari, Andhra Pradesh

    Situated between the rivers Vashishta and Gautami, tributaries of River Godavari, is a small village, Ryali, which is known for the temple of Lord JaganMohini Keshava Swamy.

  • Shri Peringottukara Devasthanam, Kerala Shri Peringottukara Devasthanam, Kerala

    Lord Vishnumaya or Kuttichathan is akin to Sastha, Muruka or Vigneswara but this Sivanandana (The Child of Siva) is worshiped not in common but by a special kind of devotees who need extra ordinary result. ?Vishnumaya is easily pleased and humans? are the words of Devotees. Let us look into the glory of Peringottukara Kuttichathan Vishnumaya. On his way for the divine hunt Lord Siva happens to see Koolivaka, a tribal woman. She was a devotee of Goddess Parvathy.

  • Sri Lakshmi Tirupatamma Devasthanam, Penuganchiprolu, Andhra Pradesh Sri Lakshmi Tirupatamma Devasthanam, Penuganchiprolu, Andhra Pradesh

    Sri Lakshmi Tirupatamma temple that was built as far back as in the seventeenth century is attracting streams of devotees round the year and is one of the very famous temples in the Krishna district of Andhra Pradesh, whose phenomenal growth started from the date of her immolation(agnipravesham). Each year lakhs of devotees from all over Andhra Pradesh visit the temple seeking Sri Lakshmi Tirupatamma talli(mother/goddess) blessings during tirunallu (Ritual celebrated during the months of March and April).

Latest Posts

  • Temples
  • Sacred Places
  • Articles
  • Pancha Sabhai Sthalams / Sthalangal
    Pancha Sabhai Sthalangal refers to the temples of Lord Nataraja, a form of Lord Shiva where he performed the Cosmic Dance. Panc..
  • Pancha Bhoota Stalas
    Pancha Bhoota Stalam or Pancha Bhoota Stala refers to the five Shiva temples, dedicated to Shiva, the most powerful Hindu god a..
  • 18 Shakti Peethas / Asta Dasa Shakti Peethas
    Astadasha Shakthi Peetas Lord Brahma performed a yagna to please Shakti and Shiva. Goddess Shakti emerged, separating from Shiv..
  • Navagaraha Sthala or Temple
    Navagraha Suriyan (Sun), Chandran (Moon), Chevvai (Mars), Budha (Mercury), Guru (jupiter), Sukra (Venus), Sani (Saturn), Rahu (..

Gallery

  • 10 Unique things you should do in Kolhapur
  • Sri Seetha Ramachandra Swamy Vaari Devasthanams, Bhadrachalam, Khammam, Telangana
  • Sri Brahmaramba Mallikarjuna Swamy Devasthanam, Srisailam, Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh
  • Maisigandi Maisamma Temple Kadthal,  Mahabubnagar, Telangana
  • Arulmigu Jambukeswarar Akhilandeswari Temple, Thiruvanaikaval, Trichy, Tamilnadu
  • Sri Lakshmi Tirupatamma Devasthanam, Penuganchiprolu, Andhra Pradesh
  • Sri Subrahmanyeswara Swamy Vari Devasthanam, Mopidevi, Andhra Pradesh
  • Sri Durga Malleswara Swamy Varla Devastanams, Vijayawada
  • Sree Bhadrakali Devasthanam, Warangal
  • Sri Lakshmi Ganapathy Temple, Biccavolu
  • Ashok Vatika
  • The Lords Own Country, Dwarka
  • Simhachalam Temple
  • Sree Padmanabhaswamy Temple
  • Mahadevar Temple, Ettumanoor, Kottayam, Kerala